Alicia's Butterfly Garden Tips


It is wonderful to see butterflies in your garden, but unless your well-balanced Butterfly garden has both host and nectar plants the Butterflies will just eat and move on.


*Good host plants for your garden should include:

Snapdragons, hollyhocks, plantain, cheese weed, sunflowers, nasturtiums, Shasta daisies and milkweed.


snapdragonhollyhockplantaincheeseweedsunflowersnastustiumsshasts daisymilkweed


*Good nectar plants for your garden should include:

Lantana, butterfly bush, cosmos, aster, purple coneflower, zinnia's and lavender.


lantanabutterfly bushcosmosasterpurple coneflowerzinnia'slavander


*Avoid planting hybrid plants.


*Plant in clusters and not singles.


*Your garden should get a minimum of 6 hours of sun exposure.


*Butterflies respond well to purple, yellow and red flowers.


*Place a basking rock in a sunny area of the garden (White & Dark or Black).


*Butterflies REALLY love rotting fruit, sliced watermelon and mud.


fruit eater


Butterflies are insects too, so be mindful if you feel the need to kill bugs.






The following groups of plants are important native plants for butterfly gardening.


English Name Scientific Name Plant Type Caterpillar Food Plant For:
Alligator Flag Thalia geniculata perennial Brazilian Skipper
American Hackberry Celtis occidentalis tree Tawny Emperor, Hackberry Emperor, American Snout, Question Mark, Mourning Cloak
Black Cherry Prunus serotina tree Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Red-spotted Purple, Coral Hairstreak
Blue Porterweed tachytarpheta jamaicensis perennial Tropical Buckeye
Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum perennial not a caterpillar food plant
Butterfly Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa perennial Monarch
Corkystem Passionflower Asclepias tuberosa vine Gulf Fritillary, Julia Heliconian, Zebra Heliconian
Dutchman's Pipe Aristolochia macrophylla vine Pipevine Swallowtail
Faux Persil Balloon vine Cardiospermum corindum vine Gray Hairstreak, Miami Blue, Silver-banded Hairstreak
Goldenrod species Solidago ssp. perennial not a caterpillar food plant
Hollow Joe Pye Weed Eupatorium fistulosum perennial not a caterpillar food plant
Holywood Guaiacum sanctum tree Lyside Sulphur
Lime Pricklyash Zanthoxylum fagara shrub or tree

Giant Swallowtail,Northern Sicklewing, Schaus' Swallowtail

Mexican Senna Senna mexicana shrub Cloudless Sulphur, Sleepy Orange, Orange-barred Sulphur
Mistflower Conoclinium coelestinum perennial not a caterpillar food plant
Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum species perennial not a caterpillar food plant
New England Aster Aster novae-angliae perennial Pearl Crescent
Oswego Tea Monarda didyma perennial not a caterpillar food plant
Partridge Pea Chamaecrista fasciculata annual Cloudless Sulphur, Sleepy Orange, Gray Hairstreak
Pearly Everlasting Anaphalis margaritacea perennial American Lady
Purple Milkweed Asclepias purpurascens perennial Monarch
Spicebush Lindera benzoin shrub Spicebush Swallowtail
Spiny Hackberry Celtis pallida large shrub or tree Emperors, American Snout, Red-bordered Metalmark
Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata perennial Monarch
Tropical Milkweed Asclepias curassavica perennial Monarch
Turkey Tangle Frogfruit Phyla nodiflora perennial Common Buckeye, Phaon Crescent, White Peacock
Violets Viola ssp. perennial Fritillary species
Water Dropwort Oxypolis filiformis perennial Black Swallowtail
White Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum perennial not a caterpillar food plant
Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa perennial not a caterpillar food plant





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